Environmental protection pertains to practices, which protect our natural environment against any organization, individual or government sectors for the sake of the humankind and environment. Because of technology and population, biophysical environment right now is degraded. The government already know about this and recently take the right action against the main cause of the environment degradation.
In fact, various academic institutions are now offering courses like environment management, environmental engineering as well as environmental studies. These specific courses teach methods and history of the environment protection. This was all needed because of the different activities of the people.
Basically, the government, law enforcement and legislation are the main focus of the concerns in environment protection. But, on a broader sense, environment protection is the one in charge of all people and must not be carried alone by the government. The decision, which will greatly affect the environment, needs the involvement of wide range of stakeholders such as indigenous groups, industry, community representative and environmental group.
Several constitutions recognize the basic rights both of the environment protection as well as of healthy environment. Aside from that, there are lots of countries which have agencies and organizations focusing on the environment protection.
On the other hand, fishing, one of the human activities, which is also affecting pour ecosystems, takes lace right exactly in our wild nature. This one simply refers on the activity wherein someone tries to catch a fish. In fact, aquaculture and fisheries provide both indirect and direct employment on more than 500 million people particularly in the developing countries. It is also been considered as one recreational pastime.
Fishing can be traced back way back on the beginning of the Palaeolithic era which is approximately 40 years ago. Based on the isotopic analysis done on the remains of a certain Tianyuan man, it shows that long time ago that they are already consuming freshwater species. Additionally, archaeology presented through cave paintings, shell middens and discarded fish bones that seafood plays an important role on the survival of early man.
In order to catch fish, one can use many tactics and strategies. Fishing techniques may include spearfishing, hand gathering, angling, netting as well as trapping. Commercial, recreational and artisanal kind of fishers employs various techniques. Recreational fishers fish since they what to enjoy while artisanal fishers utilize the traditional way and low tech methods so they can survive especially for the third-world countries. Meanwhile, commercial fishers are fishing because they want to make profits out of it.
In fishing, fishing vessels are being used whether it is for commercial, recreational or artisanal purposes. Based on the finding of the FAO, for about 1.3 million of them are classified as decked vessels. Most of them are known to be mechanized and about 40,000 of the population weighs for over 100 tons. Furthermore, commercial fishing catches different kinds of fish because people wanted to make money out of it. People who are practicing it oftentimes pursue this even under critical conditions. They are almost harvesting various and unique kinds of aquatic creatures such as cod, tuna, krill, lobster, squid ,clam, crab and many more. This is efficient, when people use large nets. However , there are certain individual fishing quotas as well as international treaties who are asking for a control on different species and at the same time quantities which are being caught.
Just like any other human activities, excessive and inefficient use of dangerous materials in fishing must be prohibited. This must be taken action appropriately. Although sea is one of the widest source of income, employment and food, time will come that we are not going to find a single fish if we abuse its abundance.
Today, different countries are now paying attention on how they could maintain and preserve their diverse ecosystem against human activities such as fishing. One good example is in Tanzania. Tanzania has the greatest biodiversity among the countries in Africa. 40% of its land were being built as protected and preserved areas which includes national park. Since its local government is really concern about environment protection, they decide to formulate policy, monitor environmental issues, policy-oriented environmental research and many more. During 1983, National Environment Management Council were introduced then. Its role is to provide advise both on the international community and the government about the environment issues. Their main goal are to coordinate with technical activities, give technical advice, develop guidelines and enforcement procedures, monitor, assess and evaluate certain activities such as fishing that greatly impact the environment.
In Australia, during 2008, the total protected area covered almost 12.8% of the total land area of the country. Environment protections here were evident especially on its very first National Park which is the Royal National Park. As a matter of fact, during 1960 and 1970, major international programmes were launch such as United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Conference on the Human environment. These specific events featured out the foundations through boosting up the public awareness as well as support for their regulations.
That is why in response on the fishing issue, fishing management wash then introduced. It draw out the science behind fishery in order to provide protection on the fishery resources. This explains why sustainable exploitation is made possible. The modern fisheries management is known to be as management rules of the government system. It is basically based on the mix management and objectives in implementing rules wherein it was being organized by means of a system of monitoring surveillance and control.
Issues, which must be addressed associated with fishing and environment protection, are marine pollution, by-catch, climate change, fish farming etc. Preservation and conservation issues are all part of the environment conservation. However, there is a specific gap which should also be recognized as soon as possible. This is the number of the fish which should only be caught to the population of the world. Still, there are lot of things that the international community needs to consider first .